Natures Way

Dr. Sahni's Homoeopathy

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First Aid - Bleeding


Bleeding is one of the commonest causes of death in accidents. It is caused by the rupture of blood vessels due to the severity of the injury. The presence of blood over a considerable area of the victim's body is not a reliable indication of the amount of blood loss. The blood may be oozing from multiple small wounds or may have been smeared, giving the appearance of serious loss of blood. The rate at which blood is lost from a wound depends on the size and kind of blood vessel ruptured.

There are two types of bleeding: external bleeding which is obvious and apparent and internal bleeding where the bleeding is not apparent at the outset but may manifest itself later in the form of bleeding from the nose, ear, lungs or stomach.

A serious consequence of extensive bleeding is shock, which must be considered as soon as the flow of blood has been checked.

Signs and Symptoms

  • The patient may feel faint and even collapse.
  • The skin becomes cold and clammy.
  • The pulse becomes rapid and weak.
  • Breathing becomes shallow and the patient may gasp for air and sigh deeply.
  • Profuse sweating may occur.
  • Thirst may be prominent.

Identifying the source of bleeding

Bleeding may occur from the arteries, veins or capillaries or from combinations of the three. It can be identified by the following characteristics:

  • Bleeding from the arteries is bright red and comes out in jets or spurts, which correspond to the beating of the heart. This kind of bleeding is very dangerous and may cause death quickly.
  • Bleeding from the veins is dark in color and often flows out in a continuous stream.
  • Bleeding from capillaries is a steady, slow ooze. In an acute situation, especially if on the surface of the body, it is less worrying than an arterial or venous bleeding.

Managing External Bleeding

  • Look at the wound to check how large it is. Check that the wound has nothing in it (known as a foreign body).
  • Apply DIRECT PRESSURE on the wound. use a dressing, if available. if a dressing is not available, use a rag, towel, piece of clothing or your hand alone. Press it firmly with the palm until the bleeding lessens and finally stops. This will help to stem the flow and will help the blood to clot.
  • Place the patient in a comfortable position and raise the injured part above the level of the heart (if no bone fracture is suspected).
  • If you know the pressure points at the appropriate locations then press on them firmly for 10-15 minutes. Figures below shows pressure points position which could be used to stop/slow down the bleeding:

pressure point

Image Reference:

  • Deeper cuts in veins produce dark blood that tends to seep out slowly and steadily. Stop it by applying gentle pressure directly onto the wound itself. Then cover it with a sterile or clean cloth (the inside of a laundered handkerchief would do) and a bandage. This type of wound may need to be stitched after your first aid treatment.
  • To stop arterial bleeding, apply firm pressure directly to the wound and keep this up continually until medical help arrives. You can press with a sterile cloth if you have one. If nothing is available, you must use your hand. Arterial bleeding will need urgent treatment from a doctor.
  • If the bleeding continues, do not remove the original dressing but add more pads.
  • Finally bandage firmly but not too tightly.
  • Treat for Shock.
  • Shift the patient to a hospital as soon as possible.


  • Never attempt to pull out an object that has become embedded
  • Never apply pressure of any kind to an eye injury, a skull fracture or in the case of an imbedded object.
  • Never remove the first blood soaked bandage from a wound. Doing this may cause the bleeding to start up again
  • Never give aspirin to someone with a severe bleed as this can cause increased bleeding
  • Never apply a tourniquet. This can make bleeding worse and may even lead to tissue damage
  • Never apply the bandages too tight. A tight bandage can cut off circulation causing more problems for the injured person.

Managing Internal Bleeding

  • Lay the patient down with the head low. Raise his legs using pillows.
  • Keep the patient calm and relaxed with reassurance. Do not allow the patient to move.
  • Maintain the body heat with blankets, rugs or coats.
  • Do not give anything to eat.
  • Do not apply hot water bottles or ice bags to the chest or abdomen. This may make things worse.
  • Arrange for the patient to be shifted to the hospital at the earliest.

Homoeopathy Remedies

From any part of body use Ipecac 1M in frequent doses. Failing which Phosphorus 30C, Millefolium 6C or 30C, Belladonna 30C and Hamamelis 1M can be used as per the respective symptoms of the case. Locally apply Hamamelis Q for instant relief.

Updated on: 01 Feb 2010